Call Us Today on 0845 6060820|info@baildonmethodists.org

The Baildon Methodist Church Fruit Trees

/The Baildon Methodist Church Fruit Trees
The Baildon Methodist Church Fruit Trees 2018-03-25T15:04:48+00:00

Background

The mini-orchard within the Church grounds was developed by the late Dr Robert Pemberton from land overgrown with tree saplings, weeds and brambles.  It was Robert’s vision to connect the Church’s involvement with the community and a wish to “green” much of the land surrounding the Church building that led  him to start work on the mini-orchard by clearing the land and planning which trees to plant.  With his deep interest in and extensive knowledge of heritage fruit trees the selection was easy: fruit trees with long and established links with Yorkshire or other fruit-growing counties, with known histories.

The first trees were planted in 2001.  Almost 50 fruit trees were established over 4 years including 21 varieties of apple and 14 of plum and associates.  Over the years since some have been removed and replanted in other local gardens including The Dell and now 38 remain.  The connection between community and garden is strong: the harvested fruit is used by Wesleys Café and is also made into jams and preserves for sale.

Apples

NOTE: M25, M26, MM106 refers to the rootstock onto which the graft was made, determining the resulting height of the tree.

Acklam Russet

Introduced in 1768 in Acklam, North Yorkshire.  A heavily russeted dessert apple, when shaded acquires the displayed greenish russetting but will flush when exposed to the sun. The apple has a rich sweet-sharp taste. In common with many russet apples, it is resistant to apple scab

Planted 2004  MM106

Bloody Ploughman

Originally from the Carse of Gowrie, Scotland 1883.  The New Book of Apples says ‘ reputedly takes its name from ploughman who was caught stealing Megginch Estate apples and shot by gamekeeper. His wife got the bag of apples and threw them on the rubbish heap and one of the seedlings that emerged was rescued by a workman and subsequently named’.  Large. Flat round to round, irregular and ribby.  Blood red/crimson skin going very greasy, paler crimson with blue bloom earlier in season. Colour goes right into the cavity.

Planted 2005  M26

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Catshead

Catshead is believed to a be a very old English apple, with citations dating back to 1629.  Viewed from the side the fruit can sometimes bear resemblance to the shape of a cat’s head – though you might have to use your imagination! It cooks down to a sharp, firm puree, making it perfect for sauces and stewed apple.  Also sometimes called Pig’s Snout.  Cooks to a puree and stores well

Dogs Snout

Originating in Yorkshire introduced in the 19th century, an unusual shaped conical fruit, with a light green skin turning yellow; short streaks of red can appear when exposed to the sun.  The apple has a sweet-sharp taste.

Fillingham Pippin

A sharp dessert fruity apple once popular in Yorskshire originated 1835 from Yorkshire, UK

Reportedly raised from a seed from America by Mr Fillingham of Swanland, this is another superb historical variety from Yorkshire. A good crisp sharp eater, this has the added benefit of being one of the few apple varieties which will grow from cuttings. Superb pink blossom in Spring.

Planted 2005  M26

Flower of Kent

The Flower of Kent is a green cultivar of cooking apple. According to the story, this is the apple Isaac Newton saw falling to ground from its tree, inspiring his laws of universal gravitation. It is pear-shaped, mealy, and sub-acid, and of generally poor quality by today’s standards. As its name suggests, this cultivar likely originated from Kent, England.[1]

Though now largely gone from commercial cultivation, a handful of Flower of Kent trees remain. Most, if not all, are said to descend from trees at Newton’s Woolsthorpe Manor, and nearly all currently in existence descend from a single tree in East Malling, Kent. One such tree is located in the President’s Garden at MIT, although it is known to have produced only one apple.[2] Currently, this cultivar remains available at Antique Apple Orchard Inc. in Sweet Home, Oregon.[3]

The National Fruit Collection at Brogdale[4] contains an example, listed as “Isaac Newton’s Tree

Planted 2002, on permanent loan from the Northern Fruit Growers, Harrogate. MM106

Flower of the Town

The ‘Flower of the Town’ apple illustrated here grows as a venerable tree in a large farm orchard in East Yorkshire, which is in the process of restoration under the DEFRA Countryside Stewardship Scheme. The orchard is home to a good range of traditional varieties of apples, pears and plums.

The variety tends to be known as ‘Flowery Town’ hereabouts and when I first heard this, I thought it was a corruption of the correct name. However, both names appear in the 1827 catalogue of York nurserymen, Backhouse, together with a second synonym, ‘Redstreak’. It is a highly decorative apple; ribbed particularly towards the eye, shiny, dark red all over or streaked with red over yellow green, hence its alternative name. The red colour sometimes extends deeply into the flesh giving the ‘sops in wine’ effect sometimes seen in other deeply red apples.

As well as its decorative appearance, which reputedly found it favour as a table decoration, when freshly picked in late September/Early October it has a good flavour; sweet and fragrant with just enough acidity but it quickly becomes bland if kept too long. I have not experienced the excessive acidity sometimes remarked on. The skin and flesh are somewhat leathery and chewing a thick slice particularly suits my six months old grandson, who has no teeth but is currently being weaned!

I believe it was sent to the National Fruit Collections, Brogdale some years ago by Ernest Oddy after being pointed out to him by James Beal, the orchard proprietor.  Planted 2002 M 26

Golden Harvey

Golden Harvey, also known as Brandy, is one of the oldest English apple varieties. It is believed to have originated in the 1600s in the historic county of Herefordshire, West Midlands. It is a dessert apple, small in size with an oblate cylindrical shape. The skin is entirely covered with rough, golden russet and the flesh is crisp and firm. It ripens in December and keeps until June. This variety is valued for its rich, intense and sweet flavor.

Due to its sweet and strong taste, the Golden Harvey is primarily used for making cider. It was a very popular apple variety in Victorian times, however, at the end of the nineteenth century there was a decline in demand. Today, the Golden Harvey apple is cultivated much less and can only be found in specialised orchards.  Planted 2001 M26

Lemon Pippin

Known before 1700 with English or Norman origin.  Dual purpose small apple.  Lemon coloured fruit.  Pick early October – keeps until March.   Not eating variety as acidic.  Planted 2001 M26

SONY DSC

Monkland Pippin

Recorded during 1831 in England.  Fruit, small, two inches wide, and the same in height; oval, even, and regularly formed, with five obscure ribs round the eye. Skin, green, becoming yellow as it attains maturity, marked with imbedded green specks and numerous very minute dots. Eye, half open, set in a round and plaited basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted in a round, narrow cavity, which is lined with rough russet. Flesh, greenish white, soft and juicy, but with little or no flavour.  Planted 2003 M26

Orange Goff

Hogg said it was popular in Kent, especially around Maidstone. Bunyard concurs that it has long been popular in Kent and adds that the tree has a sturdy growth and gives good crops. Medium sized, round fruit, slightly flattened. The flesh is crisp, and only moderately acid .It is said to store until March, but loses most of its flavour. It keeps its shape when cooked and produces a rich orange colour, once valued in the jam and marmalade industry, which ended when the Adulteration Act prohibited the admixture of alien fruits. Our thanks to John and Helen Hempsall for sending scion-wood.  Planted 2003-5 on M26 and MM106

 

Red Ingestrie

An important re-discovery of a famous lost apple.  Red Ingestrie was raised by Thomas Andrew Knight of Wormsley Grange, Herefordshire, around 1800, along with Yellow Ingestrie (two pips from the same apple) from the Golden Pippin crossed with the Orange Pippin. They were named after the estate of Lord Talbot at Ingestre in Staffordshire. Hogg knew it in 1884, but Bunyard in 1920 reported it ‘now rarely met with’ and it has not been officially sighted since. 10 years ago, Mick Miller of York acquired a Yellow Ingestrie sapling from the Northern Fruit Group but when it fruited the apples were redder and slightly later to ripen than Yellow Ingestrie. After investigation he discovered that the source tree, now very old and in Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, was merely labelled ‘Ingestrie’. The fruit closely matches descriptions of Red Ingestrie, with small rich yellow apples, flushed orange/red with some stripes, and with russet dots. The flesh is crisp, juicy and rich, ripe in October and storing for a while. Both Hogg and Scott considered it a first rate dessert apple. The tree is a regular and good cropper, reputedly disease free, though of modest growth – lax, according to Scott. We are grateful to Mick Miller for his investigation, rediscovering this lost apple, and enabling us to send it back out to the world, anew. Thanks, also to Martin Gadsbey of Stafford for pointing out that the original and proper spelling of ‘Ingestrie’ was ‘Ingestre’, pronounced in the same way.   Planted 2001 M26

Schoolmaster

Unusual cooking apple thought to have arisen from the seed of an imported Canadian apple in the garden of the old Stamford Grammar School.  It was sent to the RHS by Thomas Laxton in 1880.  It doesn’t look particularly special, but it’s a good cooker, and it was once popular for putting into tins because it doesn’t discolour.  It’s probably high in vitamin C.  It’s quite late; picked in mid-Oct it will store in good condition until about January.  Planted 2003 M26

SONY DSC

Sharleston Pippin

The true Sharlston Pippin, from Sharlston, nr Wakefield, West Yorkshire.  Brief references to it often mis-spell the name as Sharleston or Charleston. Given to us by the Gilmour family who were given a tree by the then head gardener of Cannon Hall, Barnsley, who had a tree growing in his private garden. Mr William N. Gilmour had called to collect a vine cutting for a friend’s fruit collection and, while walking around, the head gardener said (Mr Gilmour reports) ““I bet your friend does not have that apple, that is Sharlston Pippin a true Yorkshire variety from near Wakefield” and without more ado cut off several lengths of scionwood for me”. The head gardener reported that there were still several Sharlston Pippins growing around Wakefield. The apples have pale golden skin, when ripe, and russet dots, with variable light russeting elsewhere. The flesh is firm, juicy and fragrant, with a refreshing taste. Medium sized and middle to late season. A report from John Southall of Wakefield says that his grandfather had a tree in the 1880s, giving the first known date. It remains sweet, crisp and juicy into December, softening somewhat, but still keeping a rich flavour.  Planted 2003 M26

Yellow Ingestrie

Raised in about 1800 by Thomas Andrew Knight at Wormsley Grange, Herefordshire, England.  A small dessert fruit with fine, tender, greenish yellow flesh with a rich and subacid flavour. Planted 2003 M26

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Yorkshire Beauty (Greenups Pippin)

A mid season dual purpose apple, which was found in the garden of shoemaker Greenup in Keswick and introduced in the late 1700s by nurserymen Clarke & Atkinson, Keswick. Fruits have tender, yellowish white flesh with a sweet subacid flavour. Planted 2003 M25

PLUMS

* all grown on St Julian A (SJA) rootstocks

Blaisdon Red

Found 1892 , Blaisdon Gloucestershire. Planted 2002

A heavy fruiting culinary plum of good quality. Good disease resistance. Skin purple-red with golden coloured flesh

Czar

Raised by Thomas Rivers, Herts. Named for visit of Czar. First fruited 1871. Culinary use.  Planted 2001

Prunus can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

‘Czar’ is a compact, reliably fruiting, self-fertile culinary plum to 2.5-4m in height depending upon the rootstock. White flower in spring, fruits very deep blue in early August

Giant Prune

Raised in California, and introduced to UK in 1897. Planted 2001

A reliable and heavy cropping plum, a tough plum good for difficult or exposed sites. Bred by Luther Burbank a cross with the two varieties Ponds Seedling and d’Agen. It is also known as the Burbank Plum. Introduced to the UK from California USA around 1893. The fruits are large with a red skin and attractive purple bloom, the flesh is yellow, the flavour not outstanding. Plum Giant Prune was once grown commercially in the UK as it is a free stone style plum making it much easier to use for jams and chutneys.

Marjories Seedling

Found in Beenham, Berkshire 1912. Planted 2001

Prunus can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

‘Marjorie’s Seedling’ is a reliable and vigorous cultivar with an upright habit. Heavy crops of juicy, blue fruits can be harvested from late September to October; these are good for jam. Self-fertile and in pollination group 5, it should escape spring frosts

Pershore Yellow Egg

Found in Tiddesley Woods, Pershore  in 1827. Planted 2002

The Yellow Pershore Plum Tree produces reliable crops of egg-shaped, yellow plums in mid August that have an acidic flavour to eat fresh but that cook down into a delicious plumy golden puree. The Yellow Egg Plum or simply Pershore Plum is often used for bottling, plum jam and golden plum pie. Yellow Pershore plum tree is self fertile, so no pollination partner is required.

Use: Dual purpose, Cooking and Eating Plum
Cropping period: Mid season (August)
Flavour: Acidic
Heritage: Pershore, Worcestershire 19th Century
Pollination group: B Self fertile
Height in 10 years*: Pixy 3-4m, St Julien A 4-5m
*This is an indication of the un-pruned height of this variety in 10 years. Variations will occur when different factors are introduced such as planting position, pruning, geography etc.

Purple Pershore

Raised Pershore, Worcs 1877. Planted 2002

Organic Purple Pershore Plum is an excellent heavy cropping culinary self fertile desert plum tree with medium sized reddish purple plums, often lop sided with a neck towards the stalk. Arose iaround 1877, its cooking and preserving qualities were soon recognised and became widely grown in the Vale of Evesham. Rootstock: St Julien A.

Purple Pershore Plum Trees are ideal for fan training along a warm, south facing wall or fence and as we supply this popular variety as a bare-rooted maiden fruit tree, the intial fan training and pruning is simple. Raised on the moderately vigorous St Julien A rootstock which makes them ideal for bush tree type growing in gardens large and small.

Winesour

No information

Wyedale

Raised in Yorkshire, introduced 1869. Planted 2001

DAMSONS AND BULLACES

Farleigh Damson

Found Kent c1820. Culinary. Planted 2003

Can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

‘Farleigh Damson’ is a compact, reliably fruiting culinary damson to 2.5-4m in height depending upon the rootstock. Flowers white, fruit very dark blue. Self-fertile, pollination group 4

Shropshire Damson

English; origin unknown. Culinary use – jam.  Planted 2002

Also known as Prune Damson, the fruits are ready for picking September and into October. The flavour is very good and the blue-black fruits have a juicy, greeny yellow flesh. The growth is compact, so this variety is also ideal for the smaller garden. Self fertile, so no pollinators are needed to produce the quality fruits. Recommended.

Westmorland Damson

English; origin unknown. Planted 2003

The Westmorland Damson has a complicated heritage. The Westmorland Damson, or Lythe Valley Damson, or Witherslack Damson, might originally have been a type of Shropshire Prune. Its fans say its relatively small but delicious fruit is an improvement. It is found in the orchards of the Lythe and Winster valleys, where its white blossom drew trippers from the Lancashire mill towns, but deserves a wider audience. Like all damsons, the Westmorland will thrive on most soils but not peat or heavy clay. To find out more about this intriguing tree visit the Westmorland Damson Association.

Langley Bullace

Raised Langley, Bucks and introduced 1902. Planted 2002

The Langley Bullace, or “Veitch’s Black Bullace”, is by far the newest variety, being first raised in 1902 by the Veitch nurseries at Langley, Berkshire. It was a cross between an Orleans plum and the Farleigh damson, and is therefore not considered a true bullace in some sources.  This is the largest variety, and when ripe – which occurs in November – is much the sweetest.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Shepherds Bullace Planted 2001

  • English
  • Origin unknown
  • Culinary use – preserves

This variety has relatively large round fruit, ripening by October to a grass green or yellowish green colour, with small red spots on the sunward side.  It was formerly common in Kent and Essex and may still be found in hedgerows in eastern England